Correlations among ice measurements, impingement rates icing conditions, and drag coefficients for unswept NACA 65A004 airfoil

Vernon H. Gray
naca-tn-4151
Feb 1958


An empirical relation has been obtained by which the change in drag coefficient caused by ice formations on an unswept NACA 65A004 airfoil section can be determined from the following icing and operating conditions: icing time, airspeed, air total temperature, liquid-water content, cloud droplet impingement efficiencies, airfoil chord length, and angles of attack. The correlation was obtained by use of measured ice heights and ice angles. These measurements were obtained from a variety of ice formations, which were carefully photographed, cross-sectioned, and weighed. Ice weights increased at a constant rate with icing time in a rime icing condition and at progressively increasing rates in glaze icing conditions. Initial rates of ice collection agreed reasonably well with values predicted from droplet impingement data. Experimental droplet impingement rates obtained on this airfoil section agreed with previous theoretical calculatations for angles of attack of 4 degrees or less. Disagreement at higher angles of attack was attributed to flow separation from the upper surface of the experimental airfoil model.

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