Formation of a vortex at the edge of a plate

Anton, Leo.
naca-tm-1398
1956


The flow about the plate of infinite width may be represented as a potential flow with discontinuity surfaces which extend from the plate edges. For prescribed form and vortex distribution of the discontinuity surfaces, the velocity field may be calculated by means of a conformal representation. One condition is that the velocity at the plate edges must be finite. However, it is not sufficient for determination of the form and vortex distribution of the surface. However, on the basis of a similitude requirement one succeeds in finding a solution of this problem for the plate of infinite width which is correct for the very beginning of the motion of the fluid. Starting from this solution, the further development of the vortex distribution and shape of the surface are observed in the case of a plate of finite width.

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