Testing balloon gas

Edwards, Junius David

In the generation, storage, and use of hydrogen for balloon purposes it is necessary to be able to determine, first, its lifting power, and, secondly, its purity. The lifting power may be determined directly from the specific gravity. Contamination by other gases may be determined by analysis for oxygen, carbon dioxide, etc., by the usual methods of gas analysis. The determination of oxygen is important, since the presence of oxygen in amounts beyond certain limits will make the compressing, handling, and use of the gas hazardous. If the specific gravity of the gas is known, however, it may not be necessary to analyze the gas for oxygen and other gases, because the specific gravity in itself is a delicate criterion of the purity of hydrogen. Report describes a simple, portable apparatus for testing hydrogen, with special reference to its use in balloons.

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