A warning concerning the take-off with heavy load

Elliott G. Reid, Thomas Carroll
naca-tn-258
Jul 1927


A successful take-off can be made with an airplane so heavily loaded that it cannot climb to a height greater than the span of its wings. The explanation is that the power required to maintain level flight at an altitude of the order of the wing span may be as much as 50 percent greater than that necessary when the airplane is just clear of the ground. The failure of heavily loaded airplanes to continue climbing at the rate attained immediately after the actual take-off is a grave hazard and has resulted in great risk or catastrophe in three notable cases which are cited.

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http://naca.central.cranfield.ac.uk/reports/1927/naca-tn-258.pdf