Charts for estimating performance of high-performance helicopters

Alfred Gessow, Robert J. Tapscott
Jan 1956

Theoretically derived charts showing the profile-drag-thrust ratio are presented for helicopter rotors operating in forward flight and having hinged rectangular blades with a linear twist of 0 degree, 8 degrees, and 16 degrees. The charts, showing the profile-drag characteristics of the rotor for various combinations of pitch angle, ratio of thrust coefficient to solidity, and a parameter representing shaft power input, are presented for tip-speed ratios ranging from 0.05 to 0.50. Also presented in chart form are the ratio of thrust coefficient to solidity as a function of angles of attack, as a function of inflow ratio and collective pitch, and as a function of power and thrust coefficients. The charts in this report are considered more accurate than previous ones for flight conditions involving high inflow velocities and large regions of reversed velocity that may be encountered by high- performance helicopters. The charts may be used to study the effects of design changes on rotor performance and to indicate optimum performance conditions, as well as to estimate quickly rotor performance in forward flight. They are also useful in obtaining inflow-ratio and pitch-angle values for use in calculating flapping coefficients and spanwise loadings. The method of applying the charts to performance estimation is illustrated through sample calculation of a typical rotor-performance problem.

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