Robert J. Tapscott, Kenneth B. Amer
Flight-test measurements, related analytical studies, and corresponding pilots' opinions of the speed stability of tandem-rotor helicopter are presented. An undesirable instability, evidenced by rearward stick motion with increasing forward speed at constant power, is indicated to be caused by variations with speed of the front-rotor downwash at the rear rotor. An analytical expression for predicting changes in speed stability caused by changes in rotor constants for use with the analytical expression are presented in chart form. Means for improving stability with speed are studied both analytically and experimentally. The test results also give some information as to the flow conditions at the rear rotor.
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