An experimental investigation of reduction in transonic drag rise at zero lift by the addition of volume to the fuselage of a wing-body-tail configuration and a comparison with theory

Holdaway, George H
August 18, 1954

An experimental investigation was made by the free-fall recoverable-model technique to assess at zero lift the possibilities of reducing the drag-rise coefficients of a wing-body-cruciform-tail combination by adding volume to the fuselage. The basic features of the test model were an unswept aspect-ratio-3.1 thin wing, a fineness-ratio-12.4 fuselage, and four 45 degrees sweptback tail surfaces. The tests covered a Mach number range of 0.84 to 1.15 with Reynolds numbers of 6.000.000 to 14,000,000, based on the wing mean aerodynamic chord. Considerable reduction in drag-rise coefficient was effected for several different modifications by the addition of properly distributed volume to the fuselage. In one instance, a reduction in drag coefficient was obtained by adding a volume which was almost four times the exposed wing volume. The computation method presented in NACA RM A53H17 generally predicted the supersonic drag-rise coefficients for each modification within 20 percent of the experimental values. As in the above-mentioned report, the predictions at a Mach number of one were not accurate. The changes in drag-rise coefficients resulting from the modifications were generally predicted with better accuracy than the values of drag-rise coefficients.

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