Formation and combustion of smoke in laminar flames

Rose L. Schalla, Thomas P. Clark, Glen E. McDonald

The nature and formation of smoke and its combustion were investigated. Smoke, which consist of tiny mesomorphous crystals tightly packed into popcorn-ball-like particles that agglomerate to give filaments, was found to contain about 5 percent of the hydrogen originally present in the fuel. Factors affecting smoke formation were studied in both diffusion flames and premixed Bunsen flames. It is suggested that smoking tendency increases with increasing stability of the carbon skeleton of the molecule, as determined by relative bond strength.

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