Secondary flows and boundary-layer accumulations in turbine nozzles

Harold E. Rohlik, Milton G. Kofskey, Hubert W. Allen, Howard Z. Herzig

An investigation of secondary-flow loss patterns originating in three sets of turbine nozzle blade passages was conducted by means of flow-visualization studies and detailed flow measurements. For all cases, high loss values were measured in the fluid downstream of the corners formed by the suction surfaces of the blades and the shrouds, and these losses were accompanied by discharge-angle deviations from design values. Despite the size of the loss regions and angle gradients, over-all mass-average blade efficiencies were of the order of 0.99 and 0.98 and, therefore, are not a good index of blade performance.

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