Experimental investigation of base pressure on blunt-trailing-edge wings at supersonic velocities

Chapman, Dean R., Wimbrow, William R., Kester, Robert H.

Measurements of base pressure are presented for 29 blunt-trailing-edge wings having an aspect ratio of 3.0 and various airfoil profiles. The different profiles comprised thickness ratios between 0.05 and 0.10, boattail angles between -2.9 degrees and 20 degrees, and ratios of trailing-edge thickness to airfoil thickness between 0.2 and 1.0. The tests were conducted at Mach numbers of 1.25, 1.5, 2.0, and 3.1. For each Mach number, the Reynolds number and angle of attack were varied. The lowest Reynolds number investigated was 0.2 x 10(6) and the highest was 3.5 x 10(6). Measurements on each wing were obtained separately with turbulent flow and laminar flow in the boundary layer. Span-wise surveys of the base pressure were conducted on several wings. The results with turbulent boundary-layer flow showed only small effects on base pressure of variations in Reynolds number, airfoil profile shape, boattail angle, and angle of attack. The principal variable affecting the base pressure for turbulent flow was the Mach number.

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