Buckling of low arches or curved beams of small curvature

Y. C. Fung, A. Kaplan
Nov 1952

%P75 A general solution, based on the classical buckling criterion, is given for the problem of buckling of low arches under a lateral loading acting toward the center of curvature. For a sinusoidal arch under sinusoidal loading, the critical load can be expressed exactly as a simple function of the beam dimension parameters. For other arch shapes and load distributions, approximate values of the critical load can be obtained by summing a few terms of a rapidly converging Fourier series. The effects of initial end thrust and axial and lateral elastic support are discussed. The buckling load based on energy criterion of Karman and Tsien is also calculated. Results for both the classical and the energy criteria are compared with experimental results.

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