Secondary flows in annular cascades and effects on flow in inlet guide vanes

Lieblein, Seymour., Ackley, Richard H.

Qualitative discussion is presented of the general nature of secondary flows in stationary annular cascades with thin wall boundary layers and radial design variation of circulation. Deviations from ideal mean outlet flows (based on blade-element performance) exist in potential-flow region of vanes because of conditions imposed by end-wall boundaries, displacement of wall boundary layers toward blade suction surfaces, and irrotationality requirement. As a consequence of existence of nonuniform radial flow across blade spacing, it may not generally be possible to obtain an arbitrarily specified design variation of the turning angle along the radial height of a blade row. Quantitative turning angle corrections due to effects of secondary flows in axial-flow compressor inlet guide vanes were obtained from induced deflections of a superimposed vortex system in conjunction with an empirically determined correlation factor.

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