Critical stress of thin-walled cylinders in axial compression

Batdorf, S B Shildcrout, Murry Stein, Manuel

Empirical design curves are presented for the critical stress of thin-walled cylinders loaded in axial compression. These curves are plotted in terms of nondimensional parameters of small-deflection theory and are compared with theoretical curves derived for the buckling of cylinders with simply supported and clamped edges. An empirical equation is given for the buckling of cylinders having a length-radius ratio greater than about 0.75. The test data obtained from various sources follow the general trend of the theoretical curve for cylinders with clamped edges, agreeing closely with the theory in the case of short cylinders, but falling considerably below the theoretical results for long cylinders. The discrepancy in the case of long cylinders increases with increasing values of the ratio of radius to wall thickness. Plotting curves for different values of this ratio reduces the scatter in the test data and a certain degree of correlation with theory is achieved. Advantage is taken of this correlation to obtain estimated design curves for cylinders with simply supported edges, for which little experimental information is available. (author)

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