A high-speed motion-picture study of normal combustion, knock and preignition in a spark-ignition engines

Rothrock, A M Spencer, R C Miller, Cearcy D
naca-report-704
1941


Combustion in a spark-ignition engine was investigated by means of the NACA high-speed motion-picture cameras. This camera is operated at a speed of 40,000 photographs a second and therefore makes possible the study of changes that take place in the intervals as short as 0.000025 second. When the motion pictures are projected at the normal speed of 16 frames a second, any rate of movement shown is slowed down 2500 times. Photographs are presented of normal combustion, of combustion from preignitions, and of knock both with and without preignition. The photographs of combustion show that knock may be preceded by a period of exothermic reaction in the end zone that persists for a time interval of as much as 0.0006 second. The knock takes place in 0.00005 second or less.

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http://naca.central.cranfield.ac.uk/reports/1941/naca-report-704.pdf