Analysis of ground effect on the lifting airscrew

Knight, Montgomery (Georgia School of Technology) Hegner, Ralph A (Georgia School of Technology)
December 1941

A study is presented of ground effect as applied to the lifting airscrew of the type used in modern gyroplane and helicopters. The mathematical analysis of the problem has been verified by tests made of three rotor models in the presence of a large circular ground plane. A method of approximating the decelerating effect during vertical approach to the ground has been devised. The results of the study are presented in the form of convenient charts.

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