Neihouse, A I
As part of a general investigation by the NACA of factors that affect the spin, the use of the aileron as an aid to recovery from the spin was studied. Tests of 10 different models, covering a wide range of mass distribution, were made in the NACA free-spinning tunnel to determine the effects of a large downward deflection of the outboard aileron and of normal angular deflections of the ailerons upon recovery characteristics. The results indicate that the direction of aileron setting, with or against the spin, which will aid recovery from the spin depends upon the airplane weight distribution. For monoplanes and for biplanes with lower-wing ailerons, ailerons with the spin will be favorable when the weight is distributed chiefly along the fuselage (single-engine airplanes) and ailerons against the spin will be favorable when the weight is distributed chiefly along the wings (multi engine airplanes). Downward movement of the outboard aileron through a large angle will not always be effective in aiding recovery, the effectiveness of such a movement also being dependent upon the weight distribution of the airplane.
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