Performance of a Liberty 12 airplane engine

Sparrow, S W White, H S

In cooperation with the Engineering Division of the Air Service of the United States Army, a Liberty-12 engine has been tested at the Bureau of Standards. The program of tests was planned to yield that information considered most important in determining the value of the engine for aviation. Full power runs were made at the ground, at 25,000 feet, and at several intermediate altitudes. To determine the mechanical efficiency of the engine, friction horsepower was measured at the ground and at 15,000 feet. As a basis for predicting engine performance with a propeller, a series of tests was made in which the dynamometer load and engine throttle were adjusted at each speed to simulate the engine load which would be imposed at that speed by a propeller operating under normal full load at 1,700 r.p.m. Among the quantities calculated from the test measurements are: brake horsepower; break mean effective pressure; fuel consumption; mixture ratio; mechanical, thermal, and volumetric efficiency; and the percentage of the heat in the fuel appearing in the jacket water and in the exhaust. Jacket water temperature, oil temperature, manifold pressure, etc., are recorded to show the conditions under which the test was made.

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