Notes on the technique of landing airplanes equipped with wing flaps

Gough, Melvin N

The proper landing of airplanes equipped with flaps, although probably no more difficult than landing without them, requires a different technique. The effects of flaps on the aerodynamics characteristics of a wing are given and, with the aid of figures and diagrams, a detailed comparison of the glide and landing of an airplane with and without flaps is made. The dangers attending improper execution and the importance of such factors as air speed fuselage attitude, glide-path angle, and control manipulation, upon all of which a pilot bases his judgement, are emphasized. Of most importance in connection with the use of flaps are: the maintenance of a sufficient margin of speed above the stall; a decisive use of the controls at the proper time; more cautious use of power during the approach glide; and, above all, the willingness to accept the steep nose-down attitude necessary in the glide resulting from the use of flaps.

An Adobe Acrobat (PDF) file of the entire report: